Though a substantial number of music enthusiasts have reveled in the stunningly melodious notes of a grand piano, few might appreciate the intricacies of the piano's historical origin and evolution. I, as a historian drowned in the seemingly unending ocean of piano history, find it my duty to enlighten those mildly or deeply interested in this instrument's riveting past. Thus, I've chosen to elaborate on a unique protagonist from the colorful chronicles of piano history: the Broadwood grand piano from the year 1850.
The Broadwood Company, established in 1728 by Burkat Shudi, a Swiss harpsichord maker, is renowned as one of the pioneers of piano manufacture. By 1850, after a series of amalgamations and transformations, the company's character had deeply pervaded the piano it produced. The Broadwood Grand Piano of 1850 evokes an era of great expansion, innovation, and enigmatic genius.
With the Victorian era in full swing, it is a genuine representation of the Industrial Revolution's transformative influence on musical instruments. The Broadwood grand piano of 1850 was built in the Horseferry road factory in London, a hive of activity where craftsmen brought spruce, mahogany, and metal together to create symphonic beauty.
This grand piano possessed a distinguishing feature that set it apart from its continental counterparts: the Broadwood double escapement action. This innovative piano action, invented in 1821 by Robert Wornum, bore a redistribution in 1844 to include a repetition lever. Hence, the Broadwood of 1850 had the capacity to repeat notes rapidly without fully releasing the key, allowing for more expressive playing.
In terms of its physical attributes, the Broadwood Grand piano of 1850 harbored an 85-note keyboard, a range from A0 to A7. Furthermore, it was adorned with ornate carvings, reflecting the opulence of the Victorian era. Its body made of polished mahogany was encased elegantly within the brass fretwork. The distinct candelabras on the music desk added a sense of nobility and grace to this grand instrument. Its legs, exquisitely carved and cabriole in design, further enhanced the Broadwood's characteristic elegance.
Its sound, however, is arguably its most significant delight. The Broadwood Grand piano of 1850 produces a robust, warm tone resulting from quality strings anchored on a frame made from cast iron. This material was a novelty in the piano manufacturing industry – an invention accredited to Alpheus Babcock in America but popularised in the UK by Broadwood from 1820 onwards.
Notably, the Broadwood Company had, by the time of this model's manufacture, established a royalty connection. A Broadwood grand was often found in the court of Queen Victoria, a standing testament to its truly superior craftsmanship and innovative design. Moreover, it was appreciated by many renowned composers and pianists. Johannes Brahms and Franz Liszt come to mind.
The 1850 Broadwood grand piano, thus, stands tall and holds a candle to its contemporaries by demonstrating an intricate blend of craftsmanship, innovation, and cultural influence. The spirit of the time resonates with each note it produces, and its story is written in every grain of its aged wood. A sound – a whisper from the past – echoes this era, rendering it eternally invaluable to the realm of piano historiography.